Black and White French Bulldog [Full Guide to Provide the Best Care]

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Black and white French Bulldog have always been highly desired by most people. They are very pretty and come in many forms. Completely white with small black spots, around the eyes or on the body. Or the black spots are large and occupy part of the head or body. There is nothing more beautiful than if you like the black and white French bulldog, you can enjoy some nice toys of this color.

You can find practically white French bulldogs with one or two black spots. You can also find French bulldogs with widespread or large numbers of black spot.


Frequently Asked Questions About Black and white French Bulldog

How do differentiate a black and white French Bulldog from a brindle?

Black and white French bulldogs differ from brindle ones because the color black is solid. When brown hairs appear it is no longer black and white, it is white and brindle.

What are the Advantages Of Having a Black And White French Bulldog?

They tend to be funnier at first sight and draw people more attention. They have the same advantages as other colors since the main thing about the French bulldog is its cheerful and affectionate character.

black and white French Bulldog

What are the Disadvantages of Owning a Black and White French Bulldog?

The black and white color is dirtier than the other colors, it is easy for your black and white bulldog to turn brown quickly. You will have to wash it more often if you want to keep its white color!

Are black and white French bulldogs always deaf?

It is quite common for dogs that are primarily white to be born deaf. But that doesn't mean it has to be this way all the time.

Black and white French Bulldog has no difference from other French Bulldogs except for the color difference. Come now, let's get to know these great dogs, especially with the black and white coat color pattern.

black and white French Bulldog

Physical Characteristics of the black and white French Bulldog

It is a small molossoid, soft and very friendly, of small size, perfect for those who love this type of dog without being able to own a bigger one. Despite its small size, the French Bulldog (or French Bulldog) has a powerful, muscular, stocky body with a large frame. The head is very strong, wide, and square: the skin forms almost symmetrical wrinkles and folds. The skull is broad, almost flat, with a domed forehead; the stop is very accentuated; the muzzle is short and broad, the nose very short and snub. The eyes are large, round, and dark. The limbs should be well upright: the hindquarters are slightly longer than the forelegs so that the croup is slightly raised. The tail is short, set low, twisted or naturally amputated, and pointed at the end.

Hair: short. 

Height: 30 to 35 cm

Weight: 8 to 14 kg

Origins and history

Its history is rather mysterious. The French say it is a native dog but the English claim it is descended from the Bulldog. Probably, there was indeed an influence of the Bulldog but it is undeniable that the selection and the fixing of the race intervened in France.

Initially, the bulldog had a dual purpose: ratter and guardian. No wonder he became the favorite dog of the butchers and wine merchants whose warehouses and stables he guarded.

With his lively and intelligent character, he quickly leaves the stables! At the beginning of the 20th century, he was found among the nobles, the rich, and even in the royal courts, but also on the "fortify" where he was the bodyguard of prostitutes and bad boys.

black and white French Bulldog

Character and Abilities

The French Bulldog is exclusively a companion dog. Despite his "ferocious hound" appearance, his character is very joyful: full of joie de vivre, he is always ready to play and has a very gentle nature. He loves children and is a tireless playmate for them, but he is also suitable for the elderly because he does not need much exercise. On occasion, he can be a very vigilant guardian: he is a small dog who thinks he is a big one. He is a real emotional sponge: “my master is not well and neither am I”. He is affectionate but exclusive, he loves his comfort and his naps.


Affectionate: Very attached to its social group, this small mastiff can be very sticky as well as very discreet. Despite this ambivalence, he remains a very pleasant companion dog who loves to be the center of attention, whether to amuse the gallery or to be cuddled.

His overflowing affection causes him to be somewhat possessive and exclusive towards his master.

Player : Very active and jovial, the French Bulldog is a great player who will sometimes have to be helped to come down under pressure. He loves to play with children but parental supervision will be necessary to initiate the beginning and especially the end of the game. This little mastiff might not know how to stop, until exhaustion.

Calm : Naturally happy but also peaceful, this little dog can wear both caps. This will mainly depend on his education, and his character but also on his lineage.

In any case, whether with children or the elderly, he will be able to adapt and have the right attitude.

Clever : This little molasses is an intelligent dog but one that is often not recognized at its fair value. Often thought of as a mere companion dog who only snores and sleeps on the sofa, his abilities sometimes take a back seat.

However, this dog will show great skills if we take the time to offer him appropriate education sessions and encourage his good behavior.

Hunter: Not a hunter, the predation instinct is very little present in the French bulldog. Faced with other species, he will be sometimes playful, sometimes ignorant.

Fearful/wary of strangers: The black and white French Bulldog is in no way fearful or aggressive towards strangers. He will go with pleasure and enthusiasm towards the guests who arrive at his house or with any other person who deigns to pay him any attention.

On the other hand, rather than of a possessive and exclusive nature, he will always favor contact with his master if he is present.

Independent :

This dog can be very clingy towards members of its social group. However, it is not uncommon to see him take more distance, especially to go and rest on the bed or on the sofa.

This could reflect certain independence, but on the contrary, the French Bulldog certainly moves away from his masters, but always chooses beds on which the smell of his master is very present.

Behaviour of black and white French Bulldog

Endure loneliness: His sensitivity and his attachment to his masters make him a dog that does not tolerate loneliness very well. He must be surrounded to fully flourish, so he should not be left alone for long days.

Easy to train / obedient: The hard head of the French Bulldog, as it is known across the Channel, can sometimes disconcert some owners, but patience and firmness added to a consistent and fair attitude will manage to convince this stubborn little one to cooperate.

Education must be early and the basic educational notions must be acquired quickly to allow this little mastiff to integrate as well as possible, both into his social group, but also within society in general.

Despite appearances, the French Bulldog retains a fairly sensitive character, brutal and coercive methods would only taint the relationship he has with his master.

The firmness of learning will have to be nuanced by great gentleness so as not to hurt this little dog, whether physically or emotionally. Playful educational sessions will be preferred with games and/or treats as rewards.

For this little dog, the expression “to have a velvet glove in an iron hand” could not be more appropriate.

Finally, we must not neglect his education under the pretext that he turns out to be a small dog. No matter the size of the dog you adopt, a good education is essential.

Barking: These little dogs are famous for “singing” and indeed, they have an unusual way of conveying their excitement, displeasure, or impatience.

However, this little Bulldog never barks for no reason or wrongly. If he barks, it is best to understand the cause to solve the possible problem.

Runaway: Far too attached to his social group and especially to his comfort, the idea of ​​running away would never come to mind for this little mastiff who devotes infinite loyalty to his masters.

Destroyer: Especially when he is a puppy, the French bulldog can be destructive, to teething, to attract attention or simply to keep busy.

It will be a question of offering him toys suitable for chewing, of not responding to his constant demands for attention, and of offering him activities regularly so that the destruction is only a passage and not a bad habit.

Greedy/gluttonous: Gluttony is indeed the greatest fault of this dog. Without any exaggeration, he could kill his father and mother for a piece of ham.

Joking aside, you have to be very vigilant about this aspect because many French Bulldogs are overweight because of this vice.

Watchdog : Physically not very dissuasive despite his musculature, this little molosser can nevertheless be a good alert dog. Be careful not to rely on it 100% because he will quickly be coaxed by a little treat or a caress.

First dog:

The qualities and size of this dog make him a perfect companion for novice owners. In addition, it is suitable for many profiles of future adopters since it can perfectly adapt to a single person (pay attention all the same to his possessive temperament), to a household made up of children as well as to a retired couple. for example.

black and white French Bulldog

The Best Lifestyle for black and white French Bulldog

Always and only in a house. The French Bulldog is an ideal apartment dog because he has a short coat, drools very little, and is not too barky. He is very sensitive to his master's moods.

French bulldog in the apartment:

Apartment living is perfect for this little hound. Of a rather calm nature, especially in adulthood, he does not need to exert himself intensely and will be satisfied with a small interior space.

A house with a garden will also suit him, but be careful not to leave him outside during very hot weather or even in the middle of winter. The Black and white French Bulldog's flattened muzzle and lack of undercoat do not give it good resistance.

Moreover,  They are poor swimmers and have a tendency to sink, the presence of a water point in their environment could represent a danger.

Need for exercise/sport: Black and white French Bulldog is a brachycephalic breed (flattened muzzle) because of that intense physical exercise is not suitable for him, but this stocky little dog still needs daily outings to be fully satisfied.

His musculature and his solid frame must be maintained and physical exertion, even moderate, is necessary for this small dog who can quickly exceed his ideal weight if he is not sufficiently stimulated.

Travel / Ease of transport: The small size of the French Bulldog could facilitate its transport, but it is not, and this for two simple reasons:

First of all, the weight limit for dogs that can be transported easily and cheaply, especially on trains, is 7 kg, but this sturdy little dog generally weighs around 10 kg, even if it seems less.

On the other hand, his flattened muzzle causes serious breathing problems in this brachycephalic dog, so he will not be comfortable in confined and poorly ventilated places, as are often the classic modes of transport (car, train, plane).

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The French Bulldog and Cats: If he is accustomed from an early age to being around cats, the French bulldog will be able to coexist with a feline without this posing any problem. As a puppy, he will be playful and more distant or even ignorant in adulthood.

The French Bulldog and Other Dogs: Very sociable with humans, this little dog is however not very welcoming with his congeners. His strong attachment to his social group generates a very exclusive character, which makes sharing difficult.

For a cohabitation between congeners to go well, it will be important that the dogs have grown up together and that an early and quality socialization has been put in place.

Beware of entire males who will not tolerate the presence of dogs of the same sex. Rather combative and courageous by nature, the French Bulldog will not hesitate to start a fight.

The French Bulldog and children: This little muscular dog adores children, he likes to amuse the gallery and will particularly appreciate all the attention that little toddlers will be able to give him.

Be careful all the same to always maintain a certain vigilance: the children must respect the dog to avoid any overflow.

In addition, it will sometimes be necessary to intervene to stop the game because this great player can quickly get excited.

The French Bulldog and the Elderly: Since it requires little maintenance and does not need intense physical activity, this dog is perfectly compatible with sedentary people.

In addition, his apprehension of loneliness is perfectly suited to masters who stay more at home than more active profiles.


Like all short-nosed dogs, he can have breathing problems. He suffers a lot from the heat and he absolutely must not be left in the sun for too long (especially in a car) because he could feel very bad. The eyes of the French Bulldog must always be kept clean.

  • Resistant/robust: Several weak points come to impoverish its resistance: its flattened muzzle which generates respiratory complications, its spine which is also a victim of compression, as well as its absence of an undercoat which does not protect it from bad weather, to name only some of these weaknesses.
  • Withstands heat: Brachycephalic breeds suffer from the heat and heat strokes are far too often fatal to them. A flat-nosed dog should never be left in a confined, unventilated area, even if the temperatures are not extremely hot. In the car, for example, a few rays of sunshine are enough to make a car a real oven, especially for dogs who are unable to regulate their body temperature effectively.
  • Withstands the cold: The lack of an undercoat and the short outer coat of this stocky little dog gives it only poor protection against cold or humidity. You should never let a Bulldog sleep outside.
  • Tendency to grow: Very greedy and little or even at all athletic, it is important to remain vigilant and above all consistent with the daily rations given to the dog. It will be important to offer him a diet adapted to his physical condition.In addition, treats, even during education sessions, should be given sparingly and no gap between meals should be allowed.

The French Bulldog is a robust dog but has some weaknesses, especially on cardiac and respiratory levels.

Common illnesses:
  • Heatstroke
  • Demodicosis (skin disease)
  • Disc herniation (a disorder of the intervertebral discs)
  • Canine herpes virus (contagious disease due to the presence of a herpes virus: CHIV)
  • Dislocation of the nictitating gland (Harder's gland)
  • Dislocation of the patella (usually congenital pathology)
  • Soft palate elongation
  • congenital heart defects (pulmonary stenosis)
  • Soft palate elongation
  • Spina bifida: a malformation located more often at the level of the last thoracic vertebrae in this breed
  • Herniated discs: they can be located at different levels of the spine and cause pain, lameness and even paralysis. A neurology consultation and additional examinations (scanner, MRI, etc.) are necessary to establish an accurate diagnosis. The most serious forms require surgical treatment. Taken early, their prognosis is favorable.
  • Entropion (inward rolling of the edge of the eyelid) is not exceptional and is considered probably hereditary. It usually affects the lower and upper eyelids. In the most important forms, it is easily corrected by a small surgical intervention.
  • Like all dogs with a “squashed nose”, the French Bulldog is predisposed to Brachycephalic Upper Airway Syndrome. It is a complex malformation of the airways, often associated with gastrointestinal lesions. The most advanced forms require surgical correction. Modern techniques (laser) give very good results.


The French Bulldog female dog is predisposed to dystocic births (problematic childbirth) because of the relatively narrow pelvis of females and puppies with large heads.

They find it difficult to give birth naturally: it is usually necessary to perform a cesarean section but this does not generally lead to complications because the female dogs are very robust.

Grooming and maintenance

The maintenance of the French Bulldog is not complicated but must nevertheless be regular. One brushing per week is enough to maintain the shine of his close-cropped hair.

It will also be necessary to take care of regular treatment of his ears and eyes as well as his wrinkles and folds.

Small tip, once the folds have been cleaned and dried, it is advisable to apply petroleum jelly to protect your skin. It is the same for its muzzle which can sometimes crack.

Hair loss: The hair loss of this dog is moderate but remains continuous. In autumn and spring, the molts intensify the loss and daily brushing must be done to remove dead hair.

Notes and Tips

What we have said about his health should not make you think that he is an excessively delicate dog: you just have to take good care of your black and white French Bulldog by paying attention to his "Achilles' heels" and he will live long in splendid shape.

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