Chow Chow Characteristics and Care

The Chow Chow is a large Arctic-type dog with a strong body, heavy bones and well-developed musculature. It is seen that they are trained for a certain task and their bodily structures are suitable for performing these tasks. They have abilities such as hunting, guarding and leading the herd, protecting them. They are known for their two types of fur structure, namely coarse and flat. The common feature of the two furs is that they keep the body warm of Chows. Chow Chows, which are sensitive to temperature, can live comfortably in cold climates and home environments. However, they are adversely affected by extremely hot and humid weather. It is an eye-catching breed with fluffy or smooth fur in red, black, cinnamon and beige colors and shades. They are known by more than one name in society. It is also known as the "Chinese Lion" among the people because it resembles a lion with its feathers concentrated in the head area. They also represent their race as Chow Chow, Chowder, Chow Chow and just Chow.






Spitz, Oriental



Origin Date

ancient times


12-15 years


Personality & Character Traits

The Chow Chow breed has a distinctive appearance with fluffy and shiny hairs concentrated around the head, in other words, "lion's mane". The colorful language between black and blue, which we are not accustomed to seeing in other dog breeds, has attracted the attention of people. The unique tongue, which is blue-black, is pink at birth. It is seen that it changes color from the 10th week. The Chow Chow, which has many differences from other dogs with its appearance, personality and character structure, has increased its popularity day by day.


The Chow Chow is an intelligent dog that displays measured behavior. We can say that it is a race with various characteristics such as calm, sometimes apathetic, introverted, self-conscious, independent, stubborn and proud. However, not all of these features coexist simultaneously or dominantly. Just because we say he can be independent and stubborn doesn't mean he doesn't always do or don't do what he's told. If you think that every living thing has an emotional structure, some situations can happen momentarily and then can be resolved in a short time according to the strength of the bond between you and your dog. They like to hang out on their own, snuggle in their bed and prefer to live without getting in trouble. Due to the frowning facial structure, they may be thought to be aggressive or shy from time to time. However, they are frowning, with their brown eyes caught in the dense hairs, and they walk around with cute looks.


The Chow Chow gets along well with family members but chooses the one they can get along with and trust the best. His bond with the person he chooses becomes stronger than anyone else. He is loyal and devoted to his family members. His protective nature towards his family comes to the fore in dangerous situations. They are generally distant from strangers. If they recognize them and decide that they are not dangerous, they will reduce the distance by one click. It can be difficult for a direct stranger to come and love him, but the owner seems to allow himself to be touched if he has people he introduces and interacts with. It is generally said that Chow Chows do not get along very well with people, but keep in mind that this also depends on the training they received. The Chow Chow's upbringing directly affects their character traits, their approach to people and animals. In other words, there may be a deficiency in the education process of a Chow who does not get along well with people. They are also socialized by interacting with pets and dogs. They sometimes try to dominate other dogs. Apart from that, he is better with other pets.


They do not have a very mobile structure. It is a dog that can live in an apartment. The fact that the house is big or small does not affect them, they are not happy with it even with their family and loved ones in the home environment. Staying outside in the cabin is not for them. They can adapt to any conditions as long as they are indoors. They are known to be sensitive to heat. Hot weather affects them negatively, so they should stay indoors in such weather. Short walks and short-term exercises during the day are sufficient for Chows.

The Chow Chow breed can be an even more good-natured dog with the training you start at an early age due to their good-natured, intelligent and intelligent nature. Your dog's habits are shaped by the environment and training, as well as genetically inherited from his ancestors and parents. With these in mind, you can take steps to positively influence your dog's personality and character.


Some evidence emerging about the Chow Chow suggests that their ancestry is based on the spitz-type breeds. Even the Chow has some spitz traits. Therefore, it is believed that the Chow Chow is either an ancestor of some spitz breeds or a descendant of spitz ancestors. It is thought that the Chow Chow, which has been confirmed by research to be one of the oldest breeds, originated in Mongolia and North China and moved south with the nomadic movement of Mongolia.

Chow dogs were first depicted on pottery and paintings in the artifacts of the Han Dynasty (206 BC) of China. It is seen that the Chows, whose hunting and smelling abilities are at the forefront of their original characteristics, are gradually decreasing as the Imperial hunts decrease. The remaining Chows are known to be kept in monasteries and wealthy households.

Chows have been involved in people's lives in different locations throughout history. He made friends with the Chinese nobility, the wealthy. According to information about the Chow, around the eighth century, the Tang Dynasty emperor was said to have built a kennel facility that housed 5,000 Chows and employed some 10,000 staff to take care of them. Apart from the noble life of the Chow Chows in the next century; It is observed that they continue their lives with their own abilities as watchdogs, pulling, carrying and hunting.

Chow Chow ancestors have also been consumed as a food source by protein-hungry people in densely populated areas in the past. It is rumored that this is how the naming of "Edible Dog", one of his old nicknames, came about. There are several names used for the Chow Chow breed in China: hei shi-tou (black-tongued dog), lang gou (wolf-dog), Xiang gou (bear dog), Guangdong gou (Guangdong dog).

The most well-known name is Chow Chow (Cov Chow). The fact that it took this name is told with a different story. Towards the end of the 18th century, on the merchant ships of the British Empire, there were various items they bought from China and these bear-like dogs. British merchants recorded the items they bought from China and these dogs in the ship's cargo manifest. For dogs, while keeping records; various similar items, they wrote "Chow chow", which means "and so on". Later, this breed, which came to England with Chinese imports, was accepted as "Chow Chow".

It is envisaged that this first import was in line with curiosity. Because until the late 1800s, there was no ongoing importation process to England and America. In 1820, the Chow Chow was seen on display at the London Zoo as the "Wild Dogs of China". However, in addition to all these, Queen Victoria's interest in dogs and the fact that she had a Chow Chow attracted attention to this breed. The AKC recognized the Chow Chow in 1903. With its unique and noble appearance, the Chow Chow breed has always had an attractive beauty. In 1980, the Chow was exhibited in America and increased its popularity by taking its place at the top as the sixth most popular breed in America.

Physical Attributes


They have a medium-sized body with muscular, large bones and deep chest. They have short and broad bodies. Due to its double-layered fluffy hair, its body appears larger and larger than it is. Chow Chow's ideal length varies between 43-51 cm, ideal weight varies between 20-32. They are strong, muscular and compact dogs from the shoulders to the feet.



It has a head structure resembling a lion. Its head with fluffy feathers is smaller than it looks, just like its body. The frowning expression on her face and her blue and black tongue add a special charm to her. It has a wide head and deep mouth. The face is straight. It also has lion mane frills around its head and shoulders. With this head and body structure, it carries all expressions such as dignified, serious-minded, sullen, rude, cute and sweet. Now it depends on the person who sees it with which face he sees it.



We can say that the ears of the Chow breed, which is of average size, are small compared to their body. In addition, the ears of Chow Chows, whose face is flat and wide, are also small compared to their faces. If we approach from a general point of view, the Chow breed has a unique air and sweetness with its round and small ears. Chows, who have high guard and protection features, have a sharp hearing ability.



They have narrow brown eyes that are caught between dense hairs on the head area. You can witness that they look around with a sullen, careless and snobby expression from time to time with their deep almond eyes. It has a unique place among dog breeds with its narrow eyes, black tiny nose and protruding tongue.


Legs and Feet

When viewed from the front of the Chow Chow, which has a medium-sized body, it is seen that its front legs are parallel to the chest and widely spaced. When you look from the back, the hind legs are barely visible. Straight angulation from the hind legs in the characteristic structure; It provides a short, upright and stiff-legged gait unique to this breed. His short legs also got their share from the dense hairs that merged with his body. Covered with long hairs, leg and foot structure is seen.



It has a hairy tail curled on its back on its short and broad body. The back is straight and densely hairy. In the same way, it is sometimes difficult to see its curved and hairy tail in the back area. It is important for Chows that the tail is curled to the back and slightly raised. Its tail feathers are thicker than some parts of its body.



There are two types of fur structures, straight and coarse. The structure of the two types of fur is like wool and is long. The Chow fur we are most used to seeing is the coarser one. It is thick and abundantly hairy. Underneath the outer layer are underlayer hairs, which are soft, thick and woolly. The hair on the head and neck area is thicker. This is where the thickness that gives the appearance of a lion's mane comes from. The tail on its back also has thick feathers. Chow Chow features with smooth fur; hard, dense and flat outer layer hairs. They do not have the appearance of a mane. It is this cool fur coat that makes this breed look bigger than it is.



The fur of the Chow Chow breed comes in 5 main colors: red, black, blue, cinnamon and cream. It is seen that these colors vary in tone in the hairs of different regions such as the head, back, body, tail, legs and ears. Apart from the color of the fur, there may also be differences in the color of the lips, eyes, tongue and nose. For example: While the Black Chow Chow fur is completely black, there may be gray shading on its legs and tail. Mouth, gums and palate are blue-black; the tongue is dark blue. His nose and lips may be black, and his eyes may be dark brown. Cream Chow Chow fur can range from white to light red. Tongue and palate color is dark blue and lips are black. Eye color is also dark brown. The Red-Red Chow Chow, on the other hand, has a dark red-like fur and tail. The mane and leg parts can change tone up to a light golden color with lighter shading.

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