Black Tri Australian Shepherd: Health Genetic Diseases Education

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 The Australian Shepherd is among the most popular dog breeds for many. They are one of the unique dog breeds according to the American Kennel Club, and interestingly, the AKC has officially recognized four colors of this breed. Among the 14 varieties of Australian Shepherds derived from the four main hues, the tricolor Aussie is the most striking variety. These colors are black tri Australian Shepherd, red tri Australian Shepherd, blue merle tri Australian Shepherd, and red merle tri Australian Shepherd.

Tricolor Aussies do not differ much from other Australian shepherds, apart from the markings on their coats and their unique variety of colors. Today we will learn more about the black tri Australian Shepherd.


What Is A Black Tri Color Australian Shepherd?

The Black Tri Australian Shepherd is the most common color combination among the tricolor Aussie. The black and white, and tan accents that usually dominate their jackets are their main features.

Copper markings can often be seen on both legs, eyes, and chin. White patches can typically be found on his abdomen, legs, chest, and mouth. Eye colors can vary from light to dark brown.

black tri australian shepherd

The Health of Black Tri Australian Shepherd

Knowing the health problems that can affect a breed is very important. That way, you'll be better prepared to deal with it when the time comes. 

Black Tri Australian Shepherd Life expectancy

The Australian Shepherd's average lifespan is 13 years. Some unscrupulous breeders are sometimes tempted to overlook the health of the Australian Shepherd due to the breed's overwhelming popularity. Today, it is affected by several problems of which it is necessary to be aware. 

How to extend the life expectancy of the Australian Shepherd?

Of course, you can't control chance. However, put the odds in your favor by adopting good habits for your dog.

  • Take care of his diet: The role of diet is essential in the health of your Australian Shepherd. Choose food that is well suited to their nutritional needs, which change with their age and state of health. Choose products rich in good quality animal protein, and in the event of a problem, seek advice from a veterinarian.
  • Raise it properly: As surprising as it may seem, educating your dog can extend its life expectancy. Why? Quite simply because you reduce the risk of accidents. If your Australian Shepherd comes back to you when you call him, for example, he's less likely to be hit by a car if he runs away. Above all, don't neglect the education of your doggie!
  • Consult a veterinarian regularly: Of course, only a veterinarian can assure you that your dog is in good health. Make an appointment each year for the booster shots and don't forget deworming and antiparasitic products. Do not hesitate to ask for a small health check for your dog when it begins to age.
  • Listen to his needs: The black tri Australian Shepherd has high physical expenditure needs. To keep your dog healthy, he needs to be able to exercise every day. Walk him at least an hour and a half, and if possible, make him run. Buy him toys so he can occupy himself when you're away.

Common Illnesses In The Black Tri Australian Shepherd

Adopting a dog also means knowing the possible health problems he could encounter. If certain breeds, hardy, are not significantly exposed to dog diseases, others are unfortunately not spared. The Australian Shepherd, because of his popularity, unfortunately, belongs to this second category.

 Although generally healthy, the Australian Shepherd is subject to several concerns that should be known.

 black tri australian shepherd

Genetic Diseases

The Australian Shepherd is more prone than other breeds to deafness and blindness due to the merle allele, which causes the merle color in the breed. Blue-eyed dogs are also thought to carry a gene leading to deafness. To avoid causing these two major problems in the puppy, it is strongly advised not to breed two merle dogs and/or two dogs with blue eyes between them. Choose your breeding well and ask to see the parents if possible.

The black tri Australian Shepherd is also affected by hip dysplasia, the origin of which is very often hereditary – although dysplasia can appear if the puppy's growth does not go as expected. This pathology is characterized by a bad fitting of the head of the femur in the pelvis cavity at the level of the hind legs. Ultimately, dysplasia causes paralysis of the animal. The treatment, in the most severe cases, is surgery.

In addition to hip dysplasia, the Australian Shepherd is also prone to elbow dysplasia. The pathology is similar to the first, except that it affects the front legs.

The breed exhibits drug sensitivity caused by a genetic mutation. MDR1 makes the ingestion of certain drugs toxic, even fatal. It is, therefore, essential to always seek the advice of a veterinarian before administering any treatment to your dog.

  • Eye Diseases: The Australian Shepherd is affected by a condition called “collie eye anomaly”. The clinical signs are very variable and make the detection of the pathology sometimes complicated. DNA screening is possible to prevent the reproduction of carrier animals, but there is currently no treatment once the disease is declared. Hereditary cataract also affects the Australian Shepherd. It is a thickening of the lens, accompanied by a decrease in vision, even blindness. The treatment is surgical. The breed is also prone to progressive retinal atrophy, characterized by retinal degeneration. Unfortunately, there is no treatment. If it is not painful, it does, however, require adaptations in the daily life of the animal and its owner.
  • Neurological diseases: The breed is prone to epilepsy, in most cases called essential. This means that the causes of the crisis are unknown. Epilepsy is manifested by convulsions that are often very impressive and can last up to several minutes. It is possible to mitigate these attacks with treatment.
  • Cancers: Unfortunately, the Australian Shepherd is not spared from cancer. The most common cancers in this breed are lymphoma and hemangiosarcoma. Lymphoma is a malignant tumor affecting the lymphatic system, responsible for the body's defense. Unfortunately, it is a very aggressive cancer that responds poorly to treatment. The life expectancy of dogs affected by lymphoma is, unfortunately very short. Hemangiosarcoma is a tumor that develops from vascular cells on the heart, spleen, and liver. The recommended treatment is chemotherapy and/or surgery. Unfortunately, the prognosis is very often poor, because the hemangiosarcoma metastasizes fairly quickly to other sites.
  • Autoimmune Diseases: The Australian Shepherd is sometimes affected by autoimmune diseases, such as hypothyroidism and demodectic mange. Hypothyroidism is a fairly common endocrine disease characterized by a decrease in thyroid hormone production by the thyroid gland. It is often noticed with an unexpected weight gain. The treatment is based on the injection of synthetic hormones. On the other hand, demodectic mange is a skin condition caused by an overgrowth of mites that naturally live in the coat of the Australian Shepherd. Fortunately, this pathology is not contagious. Treatment is with antibiotics.

black tri australian shepherd

Education of black tri Australian Shepherd

Considered one of the most intelligent breeds in the world, he is an easy dog ​​to train and is ideal for a first adoption.

However, these provisions should not exempt you from providing him with solid learning and extensive socialization from an early age. Like all dogs, the Australian Shepherd needs a framework to evolve serenely within his family.

Be careful because the black tri Australian Shepherd is a sensitive dog that violence can quickly rob. Be patient with him and never raise your voice against him. Favor so-called positive education: the reward always prevails over the punishment. Beneath his good-natured looks, the Australian Shepherd also retains a strong character.  

Is the Australian Shepherd easy to train?

Yes! You are lucky, this dog is very receptive to learning, and you will therefore have no problem training him. This does not mean that you should be lax because, like any dog, the Australian Shepherd needs a well-defined framework to evolve serenely within the family. He must know his place within the pack and know he is not the leader. He would soon take the lead role if given the opportunity.

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Why educate your Black Tri Australian Shepherd?

Educating a dog is part of the master's duties. Thanks to education, your four-legged friend can evolve without fear in the world around him. Social life involves meeting other dogs, other animals, and other people.

In addition, a lack of education or poor education may make your dog uncontrollable, even dangerous! Despite his certain lightness and average size, the Australian Shepherd could seriously injure more vulnerable people, such as the elderly or children.

The upbringing and training of the Australian Shepherd should not be taken lightly, even if your dog, on paper, is docile and intelligent. 

When to start the education of the Australian Shepherd?

The answer is simple: as soon as the puppy arrives at your home, if you adopt it from a breeder! Indeed, the education of the black tri Australian Shepherd must begin as early as two months. After that, it is up to you to put in place specific rules as soon as he arrives, rules that you must follow to the letter without giving in! Remember that your puppy will grow.

Behaviors that are not very embarrassing when the animal is small can prove to be problematic in adulthood. Forbid anything that you plan to forbid once he grows up. It is easier to give permission later than to withdraw permission granted too soon: your Australian Shepherd would not understand. Set limits and make it clear to your pup that you are in control. 

Educating your Australian Shepherd well: some advice

Three principles apply in a dog's education, regardless of breed: patience, coherence, and consistency. You can't expect your Australian Shepherd to remember everything you demand of him with the snap of a finger. As smart as he is, your dog will need to repeat the exercises over time to master them.

Education sessions should be short: a maximum of fifteen minutes, so as not to tire the animal. These sessions can be split into game sessions. The Australian Shepherd is an almost hyperactive dog that needs to exert itself. Enjoy it. Repeat the learnings every day until they are acquired, then move on to the next. Focus on one thing at a time to avoid overloading the dog with information.

Finally, be consistent with yourself and the animal. Keep your terms short and easy to remember, and stick with them along the way. Modulate the tone of your voice to better convey what you want from your Australian Shepherd.

And above all, never be violent. In recent years, the relationship to canine education has evolved. Today, we no longer talk about training an Australian Shepherd. Instead, training has been replaced by positive education. The principle of the latter is very simple: the reward (caresses, congratulations, treats) must take precedence over everything else. Encourage good behavior and ignore bad ones.

Punishment, never physical, should only come as a last resort and be used sparingly. It is counterproductive and could even break your dog's trust in you and damage your relationship with him for good. Don't take that risk.

black tri australian shepherd

What commands should I teach my Australian Shepherd?

A few commands are to be taught to your dog as a priority because they are the guarantor of his safety:

The reminder

Walking on a leash





Once these orders are well inculcated, you can move on to the following ones. The Australian Shepherd is intelligent. He is, therefore, quite capable of learning tricks: rolls, jumps, and tricks with balls. The possibilities are almost endless. For him, the important thing is to spend time with his master. By following these few tips, you will have no trouble training your Australian Shepherd.


Black Tri Australian Shepherd Care

How to brush the hair of the Australian Shepherd?

The coat of the black tri Australian Shepherd does not require very careful maintenance, but it still needs to be brushed. Plan one or two brushings per week during normal periods, then brush every day during molting, in spring and autumn.

You should choose tools that are suitable for your dog's fur type. The ideal brush for the Australian Shepherd is the plastic or rubber-tipped curry comb. Brush each tuft of hair in the opposite direction, then in the direction of the hair. Proceed step by step and gently so as not to traumatize your dog. He would then risk associating the brush with a painful moment. The coat of the Australian Shepherd being semi-long, it is sometimes subject to knots. In this case, use a comb to try to untangle it. If the knot resists, do not waste your time and cut it, taking care not to hurt your dog.

You can also mow the knot, but only the knot and nothing else. Shearing an Australian Shepherd white is inadvisable because its fur protects it from bad weather and the sun. If your four-legged friend is stuffed with knots, call a professional instead. In such cases, grooming the black tri Australian Shepherd should not be left to chance.

You can bathe your dog once or twice a year unless he is filthy and a bath is in order. 

How to clean Australian Shepherd teeth?

Oral hygiene is essential in dogs. If neglected, your pet could develop serious gum problems and even lose teeth. It is therefore necessary to teach him fairly quickly to accept the toothbrush and toothpaste for dogs. In addition, regular brushing prevents the installation of tartar, which can then only be removed by veterinary intervention. 

How to cut the claws of the Australian Shepherd?

Claws that are too long could bother your Australian Shepherd daily and even hurt him in the long term. To cut the claws of a dog, some precautions are necessary. Locate the "living" part of the claw carefully to avoid injuring the animal. This living part is recognizable by its pink color. Cut in the white part. If the dog has a black claw, it is best, as a precaution, not to cut it too short. Also, remember to cut the lugs. For a dog the size of the Australian Shepherd, an electric file might be more practical than a simple nail clipper. It's up to you to test the different options.

If you're worried about grooming your black tri Australian Shepherd and hurting him by clipping his nails, don't hesitate to call a professional or your veterinarian.

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